China Culture Guide

China has more than 5,000 years of history. The culture of China is one of the world's oldest and most complex cultures. Chinese culture can be reflected by the history of China, Chinese arts, Chinese music, Chinese painting, Chinese films and Chinese language. Chinese culture varies greatly from the North China and the South China. Customs and traditions changes greatly from the west China to the East China. Great differences may also be lying between Han Chinese people and the other 55 ethnic groups. Although there are many differences between the regions and ethnic people, Zhonghua Minzu has been deeply set in every Chinese thought. It has become the notion of Chinese Nationalism as general. Most of the people in China share Confucianism and Taoism as their social values. Buddhism is the major religion in China. Am I smart enough to learn Chinese?

Chinese Culture Discovery

History of China:

China boasts for more than 5,000 years of history which begins with the Shang Dynasty (ca. 1550BCE - ca. 1046 BCE). History of China has progressed through five major stages - Primitive Society, Slave Society, Feudal Society, Semi-feudal and Semi-colonial Society, and Socialist Society. During the ancient era society, there were more than 5 dynasties in history of China, including Xia dynasty, Shang dynasty, Zhou dynasty, Spring and Autumn Period, Warring States Period. After tha, China went into the Imperial Era including Qin Dynasty, Han Dynasty, Wei and Jin Period, Wu Hu Period, Southern and Northern Dynasties, Sui Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, Song Dynasty and Liao, Jin, Western Xia, Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty. Read More

Chinese Arts

China has more than 5,000 years of history. Every stage of the history may have its unique arts form and style. Early forms of art in China were made from pottery and jade in the Neolithic period. In early imperial China, porcelain was introduced and was refined to the point that in English the word china has become synonymous with high-quality porcelain. Arts of China can be divided into Chinese folk art, (paper cutting, Puppetry, Handicraft) Literature, Visual art( Pottery, Embroidery, Chinese painting, East Asian calligraphy, Comics) Chinese Animation, Chinese Music(Modern and traditional), performing arts( Chinese opera, theater, Shuochang Narrative and dances), Chinese architecture and Chinese Gardening. Read More

Chinese Music

Chinese music and be divided into modern Chinese music and ancient Chinese music. The ancient music can be dated back to Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC – 256 BC) when people had developed well musical culture. The legendary founder of music in Chinese mythology was Ling Lun, who made bamboo pipes tuned to the sounds of birds. Traditional music in China is played on solo instruments or in small ensembles of plucked and bowed stringed instruments, flutes, and various cymbals, gongs, and drums. The scale is pentatonic. Bamboo pipes and qin are among the oldest known musical instruments from China; instruments are traditionally divided into categories based on their material of composition: animal skins, gourd, bamboo, wood, silk, earth/clay, metal and stone. Read More

Chinese Painting

Traditional Chinese painting is called Guo Hua which means Natioanl painting in English. It is a different art forms with the western arts which become more and more popular in 20th century in China. The content of the national painting can be the grand view of the nature or the common birds and trees. There are mainly two techniques in Chinese painting, which are Meticulous - Gong-bi often referred to as "court-style" painting Freehand - Shui-mo loosely termed watercolour or brush painting. The Chinese character "mo" means ink and "shui" means water. This style is also referred to as "xie yi" or freehand style. Following the Cultural Revolution, art schools and professional organizations were reinstated. Read More

Chinese Films

Chinese films developed quickly since 1980s and become more and more popular in the mainland of China and the world. There are mainly the Hong Kong Films and Films in mainland China and Taiwan films. In the early days, Hong Kong films were the major films in mainland Chna. Many film stars are from Hong Kong, including Jackie Chan, Chow yunfat, Jet Li, and so on. In recent years, more and more films produced by the mainland of China. Chinese films has become the most popular in the mainland of China. Many film stars are the local Chinese, including Zhangziyi, Gong Li, Fan Bingbing, and great film maker, like Zhang Yimou, Chen Kaige, Feng Xiaogang, Jiang Wen and so on. They are the most popular stars in China. Some of them have go abroad and get fame in the Hollywood. Read More

 

Chinese Language

Chinese language is call Mandarin in mainland China. Most of the people can speak or understand mandarin. Students in school are using Mandarin as their class language and its also the offical language of China government. Standard Mandarin is the official language of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC), as well as one of four official languages of Singapore. Chinese is also one of the six official languages of the United Nations. Cantonese is common and influential in Guangdong Province and Cantonese-speaking overseas communities, and remains one of the official languages of Hong Kong (together with English) and of Macau (together with Portuguese). Hokkien, part of the Min language group, is widely spoken in southern Fujian, in neighbouring Taiwan (where it is known as Taiwanese or Hoklo) and in Southeast Asia (where it dominates in Singapore and Malaysia). Read More

Chinese Religion

China is not a religous country. Buddhism is the major religon in China. But only a small part of people in China are the members of this religion. Chinese religion is primarily composed of four main traditions: Chinese folk religion, Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. Besides the domestic religions, there are also some foreign religions practiced in China, including Islam, Catholicism and Christianity. In Chinese governments policy, every Chinese people can choose or not to choose a religion to believe in. No organization or individule can force someone or others to believe in one religion. It will go against the law if one force the other to believe in the religions he wanted. The most religious region of China may be Tibet. Most Tibetan believe in Tibetan Buddhism. There are four four sects in Tibetan Buddhism, including Bka'-gd and so on. Read More

 

China Ethnic Groups

China has 56 ethnic groups. Han group is the biggest one. The other 55 ethnic groups are including Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uyghurs, Tujia, Yi, Mongols, Tibetan, Buyei, Dong, Yao, Korean, Bai, Hani, Kazakh, Li, Dai, She, Lisu, Gelao, Dongxiang, Gaoshan, Lahu, Sui, Va, Nakhi, Qiang, Tu, Mulao, Xibe, Kyrgyz, Daur, Jingpo, Maonan, Salar, Blang, Tajik, Achang, Pumi, Ewenki, Nu, Jing, Jino, De'ang, Bonan, Russian, Yugur, Uzbeks, Monba, Oroqen, Derung, Tatars/Dada, Hezhen, Lhoba ethnic groups. The Han Chinese are the largest ethnic group, where some 91.59% of the population was classified as Han Chinese (~1.2 billion). Besides the majority Han Chinese, China recognizes 55 other "nationalities" or ethnic groups, numbering approximately 105 million persons, mostly concentrated in the northwest, north, northeast, south, and southwest but with some in central interior areas. Read More

China TV Program

There hundres of Chinese TV channels including the central TV and provincial TV and city TV channels. The most popular TV channels are the China Central TV. There mainly 12 Channels in CCTV. CCTV One is the comprehensive TV channels playing news, operas, entertainments and so on. CCTV2 is the economic and financial channel, and CCTV3 is the entertainments channels playing music, arts and other leisure programs, CCTV4 is the international Chnese channels, majoring Chinese news and international news, CCTV5 is focus on the Sport. CCTV6 is the film channels playing the most popular Chinese films and report. CCTV7 is the agriculture channels and CCTV8 is the opera Channels. CCTV9 is the only one English channels and CCTV10 is the science and education channels. Read More

Chinese Kung Fu

Chinese Kung Fu is also known as the Chinese Martial Arts, which has been developed for many centuries. Chinese Kung Fu is made up of many fighting styles, which includes the Nothern style and the southern style. The famous Shaolin Kung Fu is belong to the Nothern sytle. Chinese Kung Fu can be dated back to Xia Dynasty when people need some skills to defend themselves. Their origin is attributed to self-defense needs, hunting activities and military training in ancient China. Hand-to-hand combat and weapons practice were important components in the training of Chinese soldiers. According to tradition, the Yellow Emperor (Huangdi, traditional date of ascension to the throne 2698 BCE) introduced the earliest fighting systems to China. Read More

Chinese Opera

As the history of China, Chinese opera has also a long history. Chinese opera can be traced back to Three Kingdoms. Canjun opera in this stage maybe the first Chinese operatic form. But nowadays, Beijing Opera is the most popular opera in China. Besides them, Yue Opera and Chuan Opera, Kunqu opera are also very popular in south and west China. There are many famous Beijing Opera actors. One of them is Mei Lanfang who has passed away in 1961. For his great contributions, Beijing Opera enjoyed a revival and continued to be a very popular form of entertainment both in theaters and on television. More and more foreign tourists pay interest in Beijing opera. They must see the Beijing Opera when they visit Beijing and China. Today, more and more young Chinese people learn this national arts. Read More

Chinese Family Relationship

China is a great nation with vast country area and long history of civilization. Chinese people are one of the most friendly people in the world. Friendship is seen as a very important factors in people's life. Keeping good relationship between neighbors and relatives are important activity in people's daily life. People sent gifts to each other to express their care and love for their friends and lovers. Chinese people don't say "I love you" too much in their daily life. But they show their love by preparing everything well for their child and parents. In foreign relationship, Chinese governments set many friendly policies to treat our foreign partners. China will not be a super power or proclaim itself as a super power. Chinese people will always the most freindly and kind people to live harmouniously with every nations in the world. Read More

Who is Sanjie Liu

It is said that Liu Sanjie is a farmer's girl who lived in Tang dynaty. She showed great potential when she was very young. She can recite the Chinese traditional peoms at the age of 12. She was so good at creating folk songs that she can sing immediately when she saw a scenery. Her songs were so beautiful that everyone was attracted by her tone. She was invited to many places in Guangxi to teach singer skills. Her songs were so many that no one can compete with here in singing match. Read More

Sex Culture in China

Sex is the least popular topic in converstation in China. Most Chinese people are reserved and hassitate to talk about sex in public place. People who say sex in public will be deemed as porn and bad guy. In Chinese family, children are seldom talking about sex or their personal sex behavior with parents or friends. Parents will also not asking their sex problems. It seemed that Chinese people are shy when talking about sex.Read More