Great Wall of China Guide

The Great Wall of China has a long history of 2,000 years. It was built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century. Its totally length is 8,851.8 km. It was first built in Warring States Period (476 BC - 221 BC) and rebuilt and maintained by the following dynasties. Most of the existing wall were built during the Ming Dynasty. In ancient China, the officals attempted to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire from Xiongnu attacks during various successive dynasties. Begining at the Shanhaiguan in the east, the Great Wall of China running more than 8,851.8 km to the Lop Nur in the west. Great Wall of China has become an emblem of China. Millions of tourists from home and abroad viste the Great wall of China. They want to experience the long history of China and the misterious culture of this great nation. As one of the greatest wonders of the world, Great wall of China has been listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987. Learn amazing facts about the Great Wall of China including is history, when & how it was built, battles fought on the great wall, map, photos & more.

Top Sections of Great Wall of China

Badaling Great Wall

Badaling Great wall is located 50 miles (80 km) northwest of urban Beijing city in Yanqing County. It is the most visted section of Great wall of China. It is also the most well-preserved section of the great wall which was built in Ming Dynasty. Beibalou (in Chinese Beibalou)is the highest point of Badaling Great wall. After heavy restoration, it it the first opened to the tourists in 1957. Now, Badaling great wall was visited by millions of tourists from China and foreign countries. Hotels, restaurants and cable car have been built around the area. Tourists can take Badaling Expressway to get to the wall. Read More.

Mutianyu Great Wall

Mutianyu Great Wall is one of the sections of Great wall of China. It is located in Huairou County 70km northeast of Beijing. The Mutianyu section of the Great Wall is connected with Jiankou in the west and Lianhuachi and Jinshanling in the east. As one of the best-preserved parts of the Great Wall, the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall used to serve as the northern barrier defending the capital and the imperial tombs. First built in the mid-6th century during the Northern Qi, Mutianyu Great Wall is older than the Badaling section of the Great Wall. Read More

Gubeikou Great Wall

GuBeiKou Great Wall is located in north MiYun County about 150 km north east of Beijing. GuBeiKou provided vital access to a road that runs north-south across the YanShan Mountains. With the PanLong (Coiling Dragon) and WoHu (Crouching Tiger) mountains in the background, this section of the Great Wall is linked to the QingFeng (Green Wind) and DiCui (Piled Verdure) peaks. The ChaoHe River also runs across the Great Wall here from north to south. The main section of GuBeiKou Great Wall joins the PanLong and WoHu mountains into an integral whole to form an impressively strong fortification. Read More

Huanghuacheng Great Wall

Maybe you have been to the Badaling and Juyongguan Pass, but the Huanghuacheng Great Wall is also well worth visiting. It was built in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), located at Jiuduhe Town, Huairou District, 65 kilometers (40.39 miles) from Beijing City. This section of the Great Wall at 10,800 meters (about 6.7 miles) long is a resort with mountains, lakes and the ancient Great Wall. When summer comes, the entire village under the Huanghuacheng Great Wall is immersed in a sea of yellow wild flowers ('Yellow flower' is 'huanghua' in Chinese). Consequently, this village got the name Hunghuacheng, and this section of the Great Wall is called Huanghuacheng Great Wall. Read More

Huangyaguan Great Wall

The Huangyaguan Great Wall is 28 kilometers north of Ji county. Originally built in Tianbao 7th of Beiqi (557 A D), the Huangyanguan was repaired for the first time in Ming Dynasty with bricks and for the second time in 1985. In 1986 it was listed as a key relics protection target of Tianjin city. Now it is also chosen as a patriotic education and national defense education base of Tianjin. With various forms of water towers presented along the walls, and the largest tower of the Great Wall “Phoenix Tower” and the most unique “Baguaguan Castle”, Huangyaguan Great Wall is like a library of the Great Wall. Read More

Jiankou Great Wall

The Jiankou Great Wall is in Huai Rou County, just to the West of Mutianyu. Jiankou was the most dangerous place that I visited. First, you have to climb a small mountain just to reach the wall. Then, you find the mountain ridges upon which the wall is built are steep in all directions.JianKou Great Wall is constructed of large white hill rocks which makes it very noticeable from a distance. The major section of JianKou Great Wall is built along a mountain ridge with steep cliffs on each side, and due to the lack of repairs, JianKou is now one of the most dangerous sections of the entire Great Wall. Read More

Jiayuguan Great Wall

Jiayuguan is the first pass at the west end of the Great Wall of China, near the city of Jiayuguan in Gansu province. It has also been called "Jiayuguan Pass"; however, this form is redundant since "guan" means "pass" in Chinese. Along with Juyongguan and Shanhaiguan, it is one of the main passes of the Great Wall. The pass is located at the narrowest point of the western section of the Hexi Corridor, 6 kilometers southwest of the city of Jiayuguan in Gansu. The structure lies between two hills, one of which is called Jiayuguan Hill. It was built near an oasis that was then on the extreme western edge of China. Read More

Jinshanling Great Wall

Jinshanling Great Wall is a section of the Great Wall of China located in the mountainous area in Luanping County, 125 km northeast of Beijing. This section of the wall is connected with the Simatai section to the east. Some distance to the west lies the Mutianyu section. Jinshanling section of the wall was built from 1570 during the Ming Dynasty.The Jinshanling section of the Great Wall is 10.5 km long with 5 passes, 67 towers and 2 beacon towers. The initial section of the wall has been restored to original condition, but the condition of the wall deteriorates towards its natural state as it approaches Simatai. Read More

Juyongguan Great Wall

Juyongguan Great wall is located in an 18 kilometer-long valley named "Guangou" which is inside Changping County more than 50 kilometers from Beijing City. It is one of the three greatest passes of the Great Wall of China. The other two passes are Jiayuguan and Shanhaiguan. It had many different names in the past dynasties. However, the name "Juyongguan" was used by more than three dynasties. It was first used in the Qin Dynasty when Emperor Qinshihuang ordered the building of the Great Wall. Juyongguan Pass has two passes, one at the south and one at the north. The south one is called "Nan Pass" and the north one is called "Badaling". Read More

Shanhaiguan Great Wall

Shanhaiguan or Shanhai Pass, is a part of the city of Qinhuangdao in the Chinese province of Hebei. In 1961, Shanhaiguan became a site of China First Class National Cultural Site. Along with Jiayuguan and Juyongguan, it is one of the major passes of the Great Wall of China. It is a popular tourist destination, featuring the eastern end of the Great Wall. The "First Pass Under Heaven" is also a noticeable tourist attraction. The place where the wall itself meets the Pacific Ocean (at the Bohai Sea) has been nicknamed the "Old Dragon's Head." It is nearly 300 km east of Beijing and linked via the Jingshen Expressway. Read More

Simatai Great Wall

Simatai Great Wall is a section of the Great Wall of China located in the north of Miyun County, 120 km northeast of Beijing, holds the access to Gubeikou, a strategic pass in the eastern part of the Great Wall. Originally built during the Northern Qi dynasty (550-577) and rebuilt in the Hongwu years of the Ming dynasty by Qi Jiguang, this section of Great Wall is one of the few to retain the original features of the Ming dynasty Great Wall. Simatai Great Wall is 5.4 km long with 35 beacon towers. This section of the Great Wall incorporated the different characteristics of each section of the Great Wall. Read More

Yangguan Great Wall

Yangguan Pass, with a history of over 2000 years, is located 70kms southwest of Dunhuang city. Early in 114 B.C. in the Han dynasty, in order to resist the Huns (Xiongnu) and manage the West Region, emperor of the Han dynasty established Yangguan Pass and Yumenguan Pass as well as Wuwei, Zhangye, Jiuquan and Dunhuang counties. As the main access to West Region and an important conjunction on the south route of the Silk Road, Yangguan Pass was a military stronghold in ancient times. Since the Han dynasty, a large number of forces have been stationed here. Read More

Yanmenguan Great Wall

Yanmenguan Pass of Great Wall is located in the Gouzhu Mountain ranges, within the Hengshan Mountain range, 12 miles to the north of Dai County, in Shanxi Province. Along with Ningwuguan Pass and Pianguan Pass, Yanmenguan Pass is one of three important passes through the inner line of the Great Wall in the Shanxi section. It is also known by other names, namely Yanmensai and Xilongguan. Located at a place of strategic importance and difficult to get through, it was regarded as the principal one of the nine passes under heaven in ancient times. Many famous historical battles have been fought in the area. Read More

Yumenguan Great Wall

Yumenguan Great Wall, located on a hillock 90kms northwest of Dunhuang City, is an important pass of the north route on the Silk Road. After Zhangqian served as an envoy to the West Region, a mass of silk and tea from Central China were exported abroad through this pass, and in return, fruit, specialties and religion culture were brought in. Yumenguan Pass was also called "Small Square City". The present city was constructed with rammed earth with two gates respectively in its west and north directions. The wall is 10 meters high and its top is 3 meters wide and bottom 5 meters. Read More

Zhenbeitai Great Wall

There is a saying comparing the Great Wall to a giant dragon, with the head at the Shanhaiguan Pass and the end at the Jiayuguan Pass. 'So where is the heart of the dragon?' you may ask. 'Zhenbeitai, also called Pacify the North Tower in English', definitely, either because of its location or because of its military importance, Zhenbeitai all fully deserves the title of 'the Heart of the Great Wall'. Read More

Xifengkou and Sandaoguan Great Wall

Xifengkou Great Wall, one of the 32 important passes built by General Xu Da during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644), is located 60 kilometers (37 miles) northwest of Qianxi County, Hebei Province. It occupies Luanhe Valley, a strategically important location where lofty mountains reach to the sky. Many famous battles took place in this area. Read More